Issue no 101 31st March 2011

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  • Once upon a time, African broadcast was simple. You were a TV station and you organised your own content and transmission, vertically integrated all the way. Your transmission was a combination of terrestrial transmitters and satellite links to them. Users simply had a TV aerial, which they moved about a bit until they caught the signal. Then along came Pay TV, which delivered content using satellite signals, dishes and set-top boxes. So far, so simple, says Russell Southwood.

    But a combination of the digital transition in broadcasting and growth of household broadband is creating a number of different choices for broadcasters, whether they operate with Free-To-Air or Pay TV business models. In more competitive markets like Uganda and Tanzania, the regulator has separated out the signal carriage function and created (in each of these countries) three licensed signal carriers.

    So broadcasters no longer need to be vertically integrated but can choose a signal carrier at price and for the transmission coverage area they want. Thus far the licensed signal carriers have been given the task of investing in and operating DTT terrestrial transmission networks but the choice of delivery platform is going to be wider than just DTT:

    Fibre-To-The-Home: At the high-end, you have Fibre-To-The-Home and HFC cable. In Kenya, Wananchi’s Zuku Triple Play brand is now being rolled out in wealthier parts of Nairobi using HFC cable. Jamii Telecom wants to become a “transport company” for content providers wanting to deliver their product to viewers using Fibre-To-The-Home. And Orange Kenya (see Investment below) has just thrown its hat into the ring to be offering the same service.

    In South Africa, i3 Africa has announced it will start rolling out its Fibre-To-The-Home network in Durban. The same type of services are being offered by Algerie Telecom (see Technology and Convergence below) Orange Mauritius is using a slightly cheaper Fibre-To-The Cabinet approach to deliver its MyT content brand to its 50,000 plus subscribers: Click here for more information.

    For the Free-To-Air broadcasters, this kind of delivery can only really be an add-on as the economics of Fibre-To-The-Home and Fibre-To-The-Cabinet only really make sense in urban areas with dense populations or in geographically small areas. But for Pay TV operators it offers an attractive route for delivering television, voice and data to high-end customers. Furthermore because it is interactive, it can be used to create audience interaction and more straightforwardly commercial things like payment systems for goods and services ordered off air. But if like DStv, you’re already paying for transponders worth of satellite transmission, then switching to broadband transmission may well be less attractive. Although it has investigated IPTV delivery, it has not made the move.

    DTT: Terrestrial digital transmission (DTT) will almost certainly form the core of the new TV content transmission networks. Once investment has been made in the network, then it will offer pretty much the same service as the current analogue transmission except in two respects. Firstly, the independent signal carriers may choose to extend the percentage population covered, although they will be hampered by the extent to which electric power is available outside urban areas. Secondly, they will have the potential to offer significantly more channels to broadcasters.

    At its simplest, a broadcaster might use an additional channel to run a catch-up channel (run programming one hour later) or group all its international series into a themed channel. It also offers Free-To-Air broadcasters a relatively inexpensive route into offering Pay TV channels, either in alliance with a Pay TV provider or under their own brand.

    The creation of new DTT signal carriers is spawning both new content providers and new content channels. Companies like NGB and Star Times are investing in DTT signal carriage in exchange for being able to sell their own branded Pay TV offer. But there are also local examples of the same phenomenon.

    In Uganda, Mo TV is the content arm of one of the independent licensed signal carriers set up by local investors and it has been soft launched during the digital transition pilot roll-out phase in Kampala. It has been offering 25 channels for US$15 per month and a promotional PVR/STB combination for US$41. When the pilot phase for DTT finishes at the end of April, it will seek to roll-out across East Africa. In only a few months, it has attracted just under 5,000 subscribers in Kampala.

    The drawbacks of digital terrestrial transmission are the same as those of analog terrestrial transmission. The investment cost is high but will undoubtedly be less if shared as a service between several broadcasters. Geographically hilly places are sometimes complicated and/or expensive to create a reliable footprint for.

    From the viewer’s point of view, there is the need for a Set-Top-Box (STB) and these are currently between US50-60 in most countries. Despite much well-meaning talk, no Government has yet got to the point of removing all taxes from STBs to encourage take-up. A US$20-30 STB would undoubtedly be affordable by the same number of people as own mobile phones.

    DTH: Satellite operators have for a long time been providing a satellite signal for Free-To-Air broadcasters who need to be able to reach beyond their terrestrial footprint or who simply for propaganda purposes like their signal to be available more widely.

    In the African context, the joy of satellite is that it can deliver a signal practically anywhere without high levels of capital investment. But sending more than one channel by satellite has until recently been relatively expensive for Free-To-Air operators.

    And the viewer again needs a Set-Top-Box which costs more or less the same as a DTT STB. However, in various parts of Africa, viewers have been buying cheap “unlocked” STBs (with antenna) and simply grabbing those Free-To-Air satellite signals mentioned above. From the user’s perspective, this means that for example in Namibia he or she can watch SABC soapies at the same time as South African viewers without having to wait for the new season.

    An attempt was made to turn this “below-the-radar” trend into a business model by Free2View which wanted to offer local Free-To-Air broadcasters a way of both delivering their channel locally and offering them Pay TV channel delivery opportunities. For its part, Free2View wanted to make its money be selling inserted international advertising across the continent. The venture failed but the idea has not gone away.

    At a local level, MultiTV in Ghana (using SESAstra – See Broadcast News below) has sold over 300,000 DTH STBs and so there is clearly an appetite for having television delivered in this way.

    The existence of the DTH route for delivery is probably relevant in three ways. Firstly, it offers new entrants or niche Free To Air channels the opportunity to build up a sufficient “critical mass” of audience to begin to make sense to advertisers. Secondly, in those countries which are less attractive to DTT infrastructure investors, DTH offers a route to delivering a digital transition. Thirdly, even in those countries where terrestrial DTT is the primary means of delivery for Free-To-Air television, satellite will be a useful additional means of ensuring that TV broadcasts reach the maximum number of viewers.

    The confusing thing from a broadcasters’ perspective is that this landscape of fragmented delivery platforms requires a different way of thinking. In the old days, you chose a delivery channel or built your own network. In the future, the broadcaster will go shopping for delivery platforms.

    The old instinct was to choose a single delivery platform, precisely because it was simpler. From a Free-To-Air broadcaster’s perspective, the right instinct should be to choose to be on as many delivery platforms as you can. For the danger in a fragmented landscape is that the burgeoning number of Pay TV providers will increasingly take out the viewing time of the wealthier segment of viewers. So unless Free-To-Air channels are on the Pay TV STBs they risk getting less viewing time. At the other end, a cheap satellite delivery to those outside DTT transmission areas will add a significant additional audience as the Free-To-Air viewers begin to fragment.

    Additionally, broadcasters will increasingly be able to make programmes available through live streaming (over PC, laptop and mobile) and through online delivery services like You Tube and Vimeo. With increased bandwidth, the latter should in most African countries be able to deliver between 50,000-100,000 views in most African countries and considerably more in larger markets.

    The difficulty from the broadcasters perspective is that costing FTTH, DTT and DTH is currently like comparing apples and oranges. There’s no easy single currency (like cost per 000 viewers delivered) to make comparisons between the cost-effectiveness of these delivery methods. But there’s no doubt that you’ll be seeing more of all these delivery platforms in the future.

    Latest video interviews on Balancing Act’s YouTube channel:

    In English

    The new Nollywood according to Phil Parker, film producer

    Film production in West Africa, according to Phil Parker, film producer

    Film projects in West Africa - Phil Parker, producer

    Afrika film festival in Belgium - 25/3 to 9/4 2011 - Guido Huysmans

    In French

    Afrika Filmfestival en Belgique - 25/3 au 9/4 2011

    FAR - Films Afrique RÉSEAU - Khalilou Ndiaye

    Festival de Cine Africano de Tarifa - FCAT - Espagne

    Aider la production et diffusion de films des pays ACP : Mabiala Mbeka

    For past clips, click in the right hand column: Channel "Cinéma in Africa" :

    For past clips, click in the right hand column: Channel  'TV in Africa'.


  • The 1st ACP-EU cultural sectors’ meeting for the current support programme took place in Brussels  on Wednesday 23 March 2011, writes Sylvain Beletre. The objective was to outline the call for proposals and finished with a Q&A session. A second meeting will be organised in Brussels before the final deadline. Attendees included several participants from previous years who shared their experience, issues and achievements.

    Previous applicants stressed that participants should pay a great deal of attention to cash flow, partnerships and deadlines. Previous applicants also noted that depending on the size and complexities of the project, it takes between 7 and 30 days to complete the application. The call for proposals’ deadline is set on June 30th 2011.

    On the audiovisual front, the aims are to enhance the creation, production, distribution and exchange of audiovisual content in the ACP States and in an interregional ACP context. The other aim is to strengthen the capacities of cultural stakeholders, operators and entrepreneurs in the ACP States.

    In terms of priorities, it was outlined that special attention would be given to proposals including partnership with the Caribbean and/or Pacific regions. Emphasis will also be placed on support of South-South cooperation. The proposed actions must take account of the economic and social dimension of culture. Special priority will be given to actions with real relevance and sustainability for ACP final beneficiaries.

    One of the conditions of the selection is that the project must be new and should be started when the selection has been officially announced by ACPfilms. Under this new programme, applicants must also assign a dedicated finance and admin person in charge of monitoring day to day finances.

    Regarding applicant and partners, non-governmental organisations (NGO) or private sector bodies except public televisions in one case, nationals of one of the eligible ACP States, a European Union applicant or EEA Member State, whose bylaws are registered from at least two years can be selected.

    With regards to geographic coverage, actions must take place in one or several eligible countries:
    -3 geographical areas (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific).
    -6 ACP regions.
    - 27 member states of the European Union and 78 eligible ACP States.
    - Final beneficiaries must be in ACP countries.
    - Cuba, South Africa and Overseas countries and territories (OCTs) are under special rules.

    The partnership must include at least three partners, including the applicant, from two ACP states. When partnership involves African countries only, partners must come from two African regions. The number of ACP partners must be higher.

    The grant amount is set at 100.000 to 500.000 Euros (up to 800.000 Euro for cinema/audiovisual distribution/promotion), and may not exceed 80% of the eligible budget.

    Sectors or themes:

    Lot 1: ACP Films II. Cinema/Audiovisual (7 Million Euros)

    Documentaries, TV series and films, animation films, full length films, radio programmes, etc.

    Distribution and dissemination of ACP works, support for programming of ACP works, broadcasters, networking of professionals, digital dissemination and exploitation, radio programming.

    Training/Professional development:
    Developing capacities in cinema, audiovisual and radio activities so as to build the professionalism of these sectors in the intra-ACP area through initial or continuing training and training of trainers.

    Check Balancing Act’s youtube channel to see participants’ interviews taken during the event.
    More information is available at: (lot 1)
    Mail your questions:

    PS: erratum – last article on ACPFilm from previous newsletter edition: legal assistance has been provided by ACPFilm since start 2010, not 2011.

  • On March 10, 2011, the Outreach Unit of the International Criminal Court (ICC) launched the Kenyan TV series ‘Ask the Court’. ‘Ask the Court’ answers the most frequently asked questions raised by the Kenyan population on the Court’s mandate and its work. The TV series has been designed to foster interaction between the Court and the national population, in particular with those most affected by the post-election violence. It explains judicial developments as they unfold, clarifies the next steps in the Court’s procedures, and enhances transparency and understanding of ICC proceedings.

    The series of programmes will follow the developments of the Court’s judicial procedures in the Kenya situation. It explains Pre-Trial Chamber II’s recent decision to issue summonses to appear for six suspects and provides further explanations on the judicial steps following this decision.

    The programme will be broadcasted today on Kenyan television stations including KTN, Citizen TV, KBC, NTV, K24 and Sayare. The programme will be further translated into four local languages and broadcast on 13 local radio stations. Each episode will also be available on the ICC’s YouTube channel.

    Other TV and local radio stations are also encouraged to broadcast the programmes; no further permission is required.

    The first episode is also available at the following links.
    For viewing: YouTube:

    For downloading:

  • MultiChoice have announced changes in the DStv programming schedule, including a dedicated sci-fi block on M-Net series MultiChoice announced that as from 1 April 2011, M-Net will be making some changes to the programme schedules of M-Net Action and Series.

    M-Net Series is to become a predominantly scripted series channel (with the exception of The Doctors, The Ellen DeGeneres Show and The Jerry Springer Show, that will remain on the schedule).

    According to MultiChoice this means as shows come to an end on M-Net Series, from March onwards new seasons will continue on other channels. All shows will however run for their full season before being moved.

    “All the sci-fi shows will continue to have a home on M-Net Series Mondays to Thursdays at 21:30, where a special sci-fi block has been created,” MultiChoice said in a statement.

    All sci-fi shows currently flighting on M-Net Action will continue to air on this channel until the end of season before being moved to M-Net Series.

    “Please note that Sundays on Series will still be dedicated to M-Net repeats,” MultiChoice said.

    MultiChoice revealed that the following new shows will be on M-Net Series in April:

    1.Closer Season 6
    2.Criminal Minds Season 6
    3.V Season 2
    4.Sons of Anarchy
    5.Burn Notice
    7.Breaking Bad

    M-Net Action is to become an action movie channel only, with action series moving to M-Net Series.  All action series currently on the schedule will end naturally and no series will be stopped or moved to M-Net Series halfway through. As and when the slots previously occupied by action series become available, these will be replaced by library titles in the action genre.

    Action series coming to an end in April 2011:

    1.King of the Cage

  • Two years since its launch, Fox International Channels’ (FIC) Fox Retro continues to confirm its position as a proven value destination for pay TV viewers. Fresh from conquering parts of Europe, the channel has set its sights on the African continent with its modern mix of vintage television shows.

    The service, which was developed internally by FIC’s programming and creative teams, originally launched in 2009 in Italy on Sky Italia. It has since expanded into Sub-Saharan Africa via TopTV in South Africa and continues to grow its footprint with launches planned for 2011 in Kenya, Uganda and Nigeria. The programming mix includes oldies but goodies like Starsky&Hutch, Kojak, Battlestar Galactica, Magnum PI, Miami Vice and M*A*S*H.

    In Europe, the channel has quickly become one of the most watched among Sky Italia’s 32-strong bouquet of entertainment brands, and ended January 2011 as the eighth most watched entertainment network on the platform, reaching the sixth position in total day among the commercial target.

    Fox Retro puts an ultra-modern spin on vintage television. As a general entertainment channel devoted to series, it broadcasts the beloved shows from the 70s and 80s and which helped shape pop culture today. Packaged with a contemporary graphic attitude, FOX Retro is today’s destination for fans of yesteryear’s hits.

    Thandi Davids, the Regional Director: Broadcasting & Sales for Fox International Channels, South Africa and Africa, said: “Fresh from conquering Europe, we want to bring global experiences and vintage television brands into Africa. Our success in South Africa - the second market internationally to launch channel – has given us great optimism for our plans to expand on the continent.”

    “Golden oldies never go away, the Fox Retro formula of bringing the past back to the future has already proven popular with television viewers all over the world,” she said.

    Elouise Kelly, VP Marketing for TopTV, said: “Although all three of the Fox Channels do incredibly well on the TopTV platform, Fox Retro continually comes up as one of the favourites. It would seem our subscribers still enjoy the wholesome family entertainment that Fox Retro’s golden oldies continue to provide.”

  • - Endemol announced that its international sports division and its South African operation has been engaged by drinks company, Diageo, to develop and produce a number of sports entertainment formats in certain African markets.

    - UNESCO organized a workshop on user-generated content from 28 to 30 March 2011 in Outjo (Kunene, Namibia), which was facilitated by an experienced journalist from Die Republikein newspaper. The training aims at improving media and information literacy of the rural youth.


  • Kenya’s Wananchi Group will enter the satellite pay TV market in April 2011 setting the stage for a vicious battle for control of the business that has remained in the hands of DSTV. The firm has been offering TV services through the fibre network—a move that has limited its reach given the few homes connected to the cable, making it difficult to match DStv in pricing which uses satellite.

    Wananchi is now joining DStv on the satellite platform, hoping to reach more homes and cut operations costs thus giving it room to lower prices of its products. “Currently, pay-TV is seen as an elitist product, we intend to launch a product that will be accessible to all levels of society,” said Richard Bell, Group CEO of Wananchi Group, adding that it would avoid the huge costs that come with laying and connecting households to cables.

    Cable television allows viewers to access content in their homes using a fibre link, while satellite TV requires the use of a decoder and satellite dish. Wananchi’s cable TV dubbed ‘Zuku TV’ is available in high-end and middle class neighbourhoods in Nairobi, and now it plans to go countrywide and mass market.

    The service, which is currently being tested, will go live in April 2011, and company insiders told Business Daily that prices for packages will be around 20 per cent lower than those offered by DStv. Presently, its cheapest product goes for Sh990 per month compared to DSTV’s Sh830.

    “The satellite TV market remains greatly under saturated in Kenya mainly because of the high cost of getting the service. We shall leverage our agreements with international partners in order to offer low-priced products for the masses,” said Bell.

    Wananchi’s entry into the pay-TV market opens a fresh round of price war similar to one that took place in 2007 with the entry of collapsed GTV that led to the free fall in costs.  In 2007, the prices fell from a high of Sh. 11,000 a package to a low of Sh. 1,600 which combined with an increase in local content emerged as the arsenal for market growth.

    The current new entrants include Star TV, My TV and Smart TV, and mobile telephony firm Airtel has also announced plans to get a piece of this market.
    “The problem has been how much it costs to acquire the set up equipment,” said Daniel Kagwe, CEO Smart TV.

  • A revised pay-TV service launch date of August 2011 has been agreed by Super 5 Media – the company formerly known as Telkom Media – and the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA).

    This is the latest in a growing line of extensions for Super 5 Media, which was initially expected to be in commercial operation a year ago, and has since received two previous revised launch timelines. The company had applied for an individual communications network service (I-ECNS) license, so that it could provide its own service distribution network.

    The last extension, given in August 2010, was granted by ICAS because Super 5 Media argued its license had not been finalised, causing a delay to the service start date - according to local publication My Broadband News. However, Super 5 Media reportedly declined to comment on the company’s future, despite speculation that the company had suffered financial difficulties.

    Meanwhile, an ICASA statement said: “The Authority decided to grant Super 5 Media an extension after taking into account the submission made by the company to the Authority regarding the matter.” ICASA also confirmed it expects the company to launch on or before the date of the latest extension.

  • Bharti Airtel Ltd. is looking to launch direct-to-home satellite television services in Africa, Financial Express reported in Jan 2011, citing unnamed company officials. Bharti offers mobile telephony services in 16 African countries. The company is looking to launch the service by the middle of 2011, the paper said without elaborating.

    Airtel has African operations in: Burkina Faso, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Madagascar, Niger, Nigeria, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.

    Airtel is a satellite provider of bundled broadcast television, telephony and broadband Internet services. Airtel Digital TV broadcasts with a MPEG4 DVB S2 picture, sound and interactive services programming stream. The Airtel Digital TV service offers its subscribers service packages with up to 173 channels and four interactive services. The process of installing an Airtel Digital TV dish antenna is a fairly straightforward one to perform.

  • SES, a global telecommunications satellite operator, with a fleet of more than 40 geo-stationary satellites that can reach 99 percent of the world's population has unveiled its plans to launch five additional satellites with capacity dedicated to providing services to customers in Africa over the next four years. In March 2011, Regional Director, North, Central & West Africa,  Theodore Asampong said that "right now, SES has satellites over Africa providing broadband and broadcast connectivity - but the demand is great and more reach and services are required,"

    He added, "today, only one out of three homes in Africa has a TV set, but this number is expected to grow significantly in the coming years. The digital migration in Africa is already being driven by satellite, and the markets are ready and eager for assistance which SES is ready and able to provide."

    Asampong said that SES plans to expand its presence in Africa by providing the much-needed additional capacity to the continent, as well as adding staff and new local offices to foster long-term customer relationships in order to meet the diverse needs of Africa’s numerous markets.

    He disclosed that Ghana’s digital migration was well underway with an impressively structured strategy in action to meet its deadline of 2013. In terms of services, MultiTV, a free2Air TV service that broadcasts digitally to more than 300,000 TV homes via the SES satellite Astra 2B, made Accra a worthy host for Discop where local African broadcasters, producers and regulators rubbed shoulders with their overseas counterparts. Senior Director at SES for Market Development in Africa , Mr. Christopher Limmer, said "Broadcasters realised that digital terrestrial television (DTT) cannot achieve a maximum audience reach on its own"

    He added that "cable and satellite need to be seen as enabling partners for Africa 's digital migration. Satellite can feed and complement DTT roll-out if network architecture is aligned, and digital terrestrial coverage in combination with satellite can notably reduce infrastructure investments and costs."

  • - An Al Arabiya offical alleged that Libyan authorities were behind attempts to disrupted the reception of MBC's channels. Satellite TV channels owned by MBC, which is based in Dubai, have suffered "deliberate and planned attacks", with the jamming of signals traced to Tripoli, the capital of Libya. The Saudi-owned broadcaster said sabotage had disrupted the reception of its channels, which include Al Arabiya news station. An informed source within Al Arabiya, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, told The National the blocking of MBC's signals had been traced to a location "south-east of Tripoli". The rival news station Al Jazeera said last month the jamming of its satellite feed also originated from a location south of the Libyan capital, and claimed the Libyan intelligence services were behind the interference. MBC said the jamming affected broadcasts on the Nilesat satellite, and lasted "for several and repeated hours, leading to the absence of sound and visual".
    The Al Arabiya official alleged that Libyan authorities were behind attempts to block MBC's broadcasts.

    - DStv updated its software for the 1110 and 1131 UEC single view decoders. This software was released to all these decoders across both the IS7 and W7 platforms by Tuesday, 15 March 2011. This software is a maintenance release and does not include any new features. No user intervention is required and customers will not need to be guided through the process. In most cases, customers will be unaware of the change.


  • DStv subscribers can look forward to another High Definition channel in April 2011.
    MultiChoice recently announced via its forum and DStv Twitter account that they will launch another sports channel in HD on 7 April 2011. MultiChoice would not reveal further details about the new HD sports channel, saying that they will give specifics about the new channel in early April.

    In related news the new Trace Sports HD is set to launch in June this year, and according to TV Blog Teeveetee the company will be engaging in negotiations in South Africa with pay TV operators for possible broadcasting in the country.

    ''I confirm that we will be launching Trace Sports in June this year,'' Olivier Laouchez, co-founder, chairman and CEO of Trace TV, is quoted as saying. ''We are now discussing with South African pay TV operators regarding carriage on their platforms. Nothing is yet finalized with them and I will be in South Africa next week for follow up discussions,'' Laouchez told Teeveetee.

    MultiChoice however was quick to quash speculation that the new DStv HD Sports channel will be Trace Sports HD. "Details are still under wraps until early April, but please be assured it will not be Trace Sports," MultiChoice said in a statement on their forums.

  • The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) has acquired a variety of programmes from Viacom International Media Networks (VIMN), a unit of Viacom Inc. The broadcaster has picked up BET Networks' late night talk show The Mo'Nique Show to air weekly in the 21.00 on its flagship channel from April 2.

    The broadcaster has also acquired MTV reality strands The Hills, Cribs and Run's House for youth-skewing SABC 3, and Nickelodeon teen sitcoms iCarly and True Jackson for SABC 2.

    In a parallel move, Viacom has also licensed SpongeBob SquarePants, ‘Back at the Barnyard’ and Catdog to Atlantic Pictures who will take on responsibility for sublicensing the properties in Francophone Africa.

    C21 Media 2011
  • - Start of April 2011, large African producers and distributors should consider attending MIPDoc which is where key international buyers, sellers, producers and commissioners of documentary and factual programmes screen new content and do business. It will take place 2-3 April 2011 at the Carlton Hotel, Cannes, France
    Key MIPDoc figures: 25,000 screenings, 1,350 titles, 500 companies, 400 buyers, 60 countries. Click here for more.


  • Telkom Kenya has confirmed that it has launched fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) broadband services in Muthaiga and Parklands, two of Nairobi’s most affluent suburbs. Telkom claimed that transmission speeds of up to 8Mbps are now available to subscribers. The service will reportedly be extended to other areas in due course, with triple-play services mooted by end-2011, pending negotiations with TV content providers. New double-play tariffs start at KES2,999 per month (USD34.7), rising incrementally to KES6,500. The premium package includes 2,000 free fixed line minutes, and an additional 3,500 mobile minutes.

    Telkom Kenya CEO Mickael Ghossein said: ‘By integrating our copper and fibre infrastructure, our new bouquet of ‘Orange Double-Play’ offers that we are unveiling today, are undoubtedly set to exceed the voice and data communication expectations of our customers. With speeds of up to 8Mbps, we now have a network easily scalable to transmit video signals, just like in developed countries. We are already in talks with partners that will see Orange introduce triple-play services in the near future. Today, we are launching Orange Double-Play to serve residents and businesses in Muthaiga and its environs; however we will soon roll this out further afield into other areas. We have now achieved our dream of delivering true broadband to Kenyan homes’.

    If Orange does launch triple-play as planned, it will go head-to-head with the Wananchi Group which launched its own long-awaited triple-play service in December 2010, under the Zuku brand. The fibre package went live in the districts of Kileleshwa, Kilimani, Lavington and Hurligham. Fibre rollout to the remainder of Nairobi and Mombasa is scheduled to be completed during the second half of 2011, whilst Tanzania and Uganda have been mooted for subsequent connectivity. Wananchi intends to pass one million homes in East Africa by 2015.

  • Tolu Ogunkoya, President Media Independents Practitioners Association of Nigeria (MIPAN) and Chris Doghudje, Managing Director, Zus Bureau Services during a joint press conference announcing the forthcoming seminar on Modern Techniques in Media Investments co-organized by MIPAN, Zus Bureau and Media Planning held at Media Reach Corporate Office, Ikeja, Lagos recently

    Above the line (ATL) media investment which hit N80 billion in 2010 is projected to increase to N120 billion this year, representing about 90 per cent of overall marketing spend.

    Olayiwola Afolabi, managing director of Media Planning Services Limited (MPN) disclosed this in Lagos recently while presenting a paper entitled Modern Approach to Media Investment -researcher's insight, at a one-day media industry seminar organised by Media Independent Practitioners Association of Nigeria (MIPAN) in conjunction with Zus Bureau and Media Planning Services.

    He noted that practitioners - marketers, advertising and media agencies - have been slow to accept that the old models of media, many of them created more than fifty years ago, are no longer applicable to the new consumer media world.

    Afolabi observed that in industry discussions with leading advertising and media agencies, media owners, content providers, market researchers and advertisers, one major factor stands out as the fundamental issue to media investment approach - data access and usage.

    He contended that all stakeholders involved in media channel strategy either have access to significant amounts of unique/proprietary data (data silos) or have knowledge/experience (individual silos) that is deployed as part of their communication delivery process.

    He defined media investment as the act of investing; laying out money or capital on media channels with the expectation of reaching media audience cost effectively or how much to spend on media as well as how to allocate the spending across various media and the researcher as somebody who performs research, the search for knowledge or in general any systemic investigation to establish facts, adding that researchers can work in academic, industrial, government, or private institutions.

    Also speaking, Mr. Tolu Ogunkoya, president of MIPAN who in his paper gave a specialist insight on modern approach to media investments noted that significant cynicism exist in the advertiser mind about the value delivered by media advertising, adding that in today's media industry, media planning and buying is critical to the advertiser's business.

    While highlighting the role of the media in the marketing decision process at the seminar, which was attended by representatives from media houses, advertisers, advertising and media agencies, he said that marketing objectives must define what needs to be achieved.

    He also said that advertising objectives should also define what advertising must d to fulfil marketing objectives. Also speaking at the seminar, Kevin Ejiofor, managing director of City 105.1FM Radio in his paper entitled Modern Approach to broadcast media selling: Lessons from research, said let research become an industry-wide responsibility as a matter of life and death. He defined research as the search for knowledge, or any systematic investigation, with an open mind, to establish novel facts, usually a scientific method.

    Ejiofor said some of the lessons that would be derived from research are openness, accountability through participation and principle of common interest.

    He said democratization of research would sanitise the results of research, separate myths from facts, end disputations and the compilation of reliable statistics to aid effective planning. He urged stakeholders to pay close attention to offering quantifiable value to the industry through democratization of research.

    Earlier in his opening remarks, Chris Doghudje MD, Zus Bureau said the seminar was intended to provide a new direction in the optimization of media budget because globally, there is convergence of media.

    He noted that newspapers' circulation was dwindling and media has become very expensive, especially the print media, adding that there is need for content development to attract the target audience.

    For Kole Ademelekun, President Association of Outdoor Advertising Practitioners there is need to gather adequate data for research purposes. He said government agencies were driving outdoor rates up while operators are restricted to commission and stressed the need for outdoor advertising to be flexible.

  • - On 16 March 2011 (Bloomberg) -Vivendi SA’s Brazilian unit GVT Holding SA is seeing subscriber growth of 50 percent, allowing it to increase revenue by 40 percent, Chief Executive Officer Jean-Bernard Levy said. The company will also invest and seek partnerships in the Middle East and North Africa, the CEO said. “What we are focused on is very quick growth of the company, doubling the size every two years and launch of pay TV before end 2011,” he said. Levy is focusing on growth in Brazil, while also seeking to take full control of Vivendi’s two units at home -- SFR, France’s second-biggest mobile-phone operator, and Canal+ France, the country’s biggest pay-television operator. The company owns 80 percent of Canal+ France, with Lagardere SCA holding the rest. Vivendi owns 56 percent of SFR, and has said it wants to buy Vodafone Group Plc’s 44 percent stake.

    - Viva Riva supported by the ACPFilms Programme, has been nominated in the "African Movie Academy Awards” (AMAA). The next edition of the "African Oscars", the African Movie Academy Awards (AMAA), took place on March 27, 2011 in Yenagoa, in the Bayelsa State’s capital in Nigeria. The Congolese film Viva Riva by DJo Munga is nominated in 12 categories. The ACPFilms Programme supported the film for an amount of 400,000 Euros under the 9th EDF (European Development Fund).

regulation & policy

  • The government of Swaziland has banned the daily live transmission of the BBC Focus on Africa programme after one of the news clips, broadcast on the English channel of the state radio, Swaziland Broadcasting and Information Services (SBIS), was critical of the government.

    The programme, broadcast daily in the mornings, mid-day and evenings, has been off air for the past week. The state radio has been running apologies to listeners of the programme for its absence, stating that it is due to technical problems.

    However, Members of Parliament confronted the Minister for Information Communications and Technology (ICT), Nelisiwe Shongwe, for answers. The Minister conceded in Parliament that the programme has been temporarily suspended. She said the government has taken a decision to censor the programme and said it would be back on air soon.

    The Minister added that the programme had to be edited to ensure that it did not impact people negatively. She said people should understand that there were some pieces of information that could not be communicated to listeners.

    MPs did not take kindly to the government's move and warned that it was dangerous as it was infringing on people's right to access information. One of the MPs, Robert Magongo, said what the government has done has the potential to spark a riot among the people.

    "If I were a Minister I would never take orders from anyone because that would negatively portray me in the eyes of the people I am serving. I would rather resign than have someone dictate to me," MP Magongo was quoted in the media to have said.

    The government has not only banned the BBC programme but has also banned all state media from covering demonstrations and strikes currently taking place in the country. Parliament has also cautioned the government against this move.

    MISA Swaziland condemns in the strongest terms the government's move to ban or censor media content. Such a move has no place in the modern world as it seriously violates people's right to access information. MISA strongly rejects the Minister's assertion that government has a right to filter information to the public. To the contrary, the public has a right to receive unfiltered information from any media of their choice.

  • The Media High Council (MHC), last week, released a new list of the media organisations licensed to operate. The list includes 27 broadcast and 32 print media houses. "This new list represents almost 100 percent of all media organs that were active before the promulgation of the 2009 media law," said Patrice Mulama the Executive Secretary of MHC. He added that those on the list have fulfilled the requirements of the Law.

    "I am glad that we now know the correct number of media outlets operating in Rwanda, their owners, managers and editors. We can now plan for their development and professionalization with accuracy and certainty" Mulama said.

    He called upon all public and private institutions, civil society and the general public, to cooperate with and support the media by providing them with the information they need to be able to play their rightful role as fourth estate in the country.

    Mulama stated that the council remains committed to enhancing professionalism, pluralism and diversity of a free, responsible and economically vibrant media sector.

    The New Times
  • - Côte d’Ivoire: The New York-based Committee to protect Journalists [CPJ] stated that thirty people were killed recently when they marched on the offices of the state-controlled television station to demand the resignation of its director. Mohamed Keita, of CPJ said he is still concerned about the fates of jailed journalists Aboubacar Sanogo and Yayoro Charles Lopez Kangbé of rebel-controlled station TV Notre Patrie who have spent 20 days in military custody without charge. Recently, armed militia attacked a broadcast station housing a transmitter of the state Radiodiffusion Télévision Ivoirienne in the Abobo district in Abidjan.

    - In Somalia on March 22, 2011, the National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) strongly protests violent attacks against TV journalists in Las Anod town by the Somaliland troops. Mohamed Abdinur Hashi and Mohamed Shaqale, were attacked on Tuesday in Las Anod by Somaliland soldiers for filing reports that Somaliland army deemed contrary to the their forces.  Mohamed Hashi was arrested, while Mohamed Shaqale is in hiding  but his laptop computer, camera and recorders were confiscated. Somaliland forces are reportedly searching him in Las Anod.

technology & convergence

  • Western Digital launched their WD TV Live Hub in South Africa on the 3rd March 2011. Western Digital, hard drive manufacturer and maker of the WD TV media player family, is launching the WD TV Live Hub media centre in South Africa.

    The WD TV Live Hub is a full-HD 1080p media player with network capabilities and a 1 terabyte (TB) hard drive that allows users to play all their personal media on any screen in the home. The WD TV Live Hub media centre plays a variety of media file types, including popular Full-HD 1080p video formats such as .mkv, .mp4 and .mov.

    Digital media can be transferred to the internal drive from shared folders on PCs and Macs on the network or directly from external hard drives, thumb drives, camcorders or cameras connected via one of the two USB ports. Users can also stream videos from home network drives with a DLNA/UPnP server such as the recently announced My Book Live home network drive.

    The WD TV Live Hub media centre is also a media server: HD video, music and photos can be streamed from the onboard hard drive to any DLNA/UPnP-compatible TV or multimedia device, anywhere in the connected home. This includes connected TVs, Blu-ray Disc players, Xbox 360, and PlayStation 3 game consoles, as well as Western Digital's own WD TV Live Plus HD media player.

    Users can stream content from their WD TV Live Hub media centre to iPads, iPhones or Android smartphones using third-party applications. The WD TV Live Hub media centre offers Facebook integration which lets users upload photos and videos from their device, as well as view their profile.

    In addition, the WD TV Live Hub media centre provides viewing of YouTube and Flickr. The customisable WD TV Live Hub media centre's user interface enables personalisation of screen backgrounds and user interface themes, as well as setting of favourites and content ratings. Standard wired or wireless USB keyboards can be used.

    "People are looking for a versatile, easy-to-use media player that gives them a smooth streaming experience regardless of where they are in the home and whether they're viewing Internet content or personal media content,” said Khalid Wani, sales director branded products, MEA & India. “That's exactly what the WD TV Live Hub media centre delivers."

    Other key features of the WD TV Live Hub media centre include:

    1.    HDMI 1.4, composite video and component video output;
    2.    Automatic sync of shared digital media folders from PCs and Macs on the network with the internal hard drive;
    3.    Customisable user interface and programmable remote;
    4.    Two USB ports that allow media playback from USB drives, camcorders and digital cameras, as well as connecting a standard keyboard and mouse;
    5.    WiFi-readiness (with adapter); and,
    6.    A 1-year limited warranty.

    The WD TV Live Hub media centre is available from various retail outlets and retails for R1,999.00.

  • On March 2, 2011, Television through ADSL (originally developed with Netgem) will soon be launched in Algeria. This was stated by M'Hamed Dabouz, CEO of Algeria Telecom group.

    "Among our objectives, the development of television through ADSL (Safir Box) is set for the second half of this year," he said at Mujahid Forum. The new head of the incumbent telecoms’ operator has also indicated that "in terms of HD and 3D, it will not come in decades, but in a few years." Moreover, Dabouz has estimated that the growth rate of ADSL was "satisfactory". Lower rates of the Internet (50%) made in April 2008, has had a deep impact on the company.

    The Internet, which, he noted is ”the fifth vital need”, has increased in number of subscribers during 2010. "In 2010, the number of subscribers was estimated at around 830 000" he said. On this last point, "in addition to some optical fiber subscribers, the rate of Internet Income is up 50% year on year," he advised, adding that 10.000 access via EVDO and WIMAX (for pros only), 300 subscribers via FTX. Regarding WiFi, he stressed that the number of users is "more than 5 million." He also indicated a "strong demand for the Internet," stated that "a reorganization plan has been implemented in emergency".

    Six million broadband accesses are to be achieved in the context of the e-Algeria 2013 programme. In terms of connections, Mr. M'hamed Dabouz noted nearly 3.1 million subscribers to the fixed network. Altogether, 15 million people have a permanent access to Telecom Algeria’s network. In 2010, 5,000 km of optical fiber have been laid in 2010 and the country counts 15.000 cyber-café. Mr. M'hamed Dabouz noted that 10 ISPs run on the AT network.

    With regard to standard telephony, Dabouz indicated that the number of subscribers to Mobile is "10 million". However, he acknowledged that "the decline in revenues from fixed telephony due to Mobile (incl. via its mobile subsidiary ATM) damaged Telecom Algeria. In terms of human resources, he said that 26,500 people are directly employed within the Group, in addition to indirect jobs (subcontracting). However, it is worth noting that television by ADSL - which can bring many pay TV channels’ bouquets on a television set - does not require the Internet or even a computer for access.

    On the optical fiber, AT offers a bouquet of 60 channels for TV and there is the project to move to digital terrestrial TV (DTT), which will lead to the disappearance of the satellite aerials, he concluded.

  • - In South Africa, the Department of Communications is creating a digital migration office that will oversee the implementation of the country’s migration from analogue to digital TV.

    - Since March 2011, German broadcaster Deutsche Welle is now offering a new text messaging (SMS) news service for its listeners and users in the Republic of Tanzania. The initial launch will focus on text-based services in Kiswahili covering news from Africa and around the world as well as sports-related services. In order to disseminate content to the widest possible audience, multiple language services and products will follow the first phase of launch. Deutsche Welle's Kiswahili service is among the most popular radio programs in Tanzania. Around 70 percent of Tanzanians are familiar with Deutsche Welle and 33 percent are frequent listeners of the Kiswahili program. Deutsche Welle has appointed Starfish Mobile East Africa Limited as its technology provider in Tanzania, where the broadcaster will have the opportunity to deploy mobile services in the Kiswahili language to more than 19 million subscribers from the Vodacom, Tigo and Airtel mobile networks.


  • 25th March - 9th April 2011
    Afrika Filmfestival
    Venue: Leuven, 3220 Holsbeek - Belgium

    The Afrika Filmfestival in Leuven is the most important annual showcase for African films in the Benelux. The festival promotes African cinema. For further information click here:

    4th -7th April 2011
    Venue: Cannes, France

    MIPTV is the world's leading content market. It provides a unique opportunity to meet the key decision makers in the TV/Film, Digital media and Cinema industry. 21,000 m2 exhibition floor. For further information click here:

    12th -17th April 2011 (every two years)
    Festival Cinémas d’Afrique
    Venue: Angers, Salle Chemellier, Gaumont Variétés, Centre de congrès. France.

    Tel: [+33]
    Fax: [+33]
    For further information click here:

    13th -17th April 2011
    International Pan-African Film Festival of Cannes
    Venue: Cannes, France.

    Submission of films and application for accreditation for the International Pan-African Film Festival of Cannes are now open.
    Closing date for film entries: February 20, 2011
    Film Genres Sought: Fiction/ Narrative, Documentary, Animation...
    Category: Long, Medium, Short film.
    For further information click here:

    2nd April - 30th May 2011 (final dates tba)
    African film festival (AFF) in NYC (18th Edition)
    Venue: NYC, USA

    Film Festival. AFF organisers accept submissions on an ongoing basis.
    For further information click here:

    12th -15th May 2011
    Haff: The Helsinki African Film Festival
    Venue: Andorra, Eerikinkatu 11, 00100 Helsinki

    Helsinki African Film Festival brings an entertaining and thought-provoking selection of contemporary African cinema to Finland. The festival aims to foster communication across cultures and support dialogue on wide-ranging issues related to Africa
    For further information click here:

    11th -22nd May 2011
    Festival International du Film de Cannes
    Venue : Cannes, France

    For further information click here:

    29th May - 5th June 2011 (final date tba)
    Festival Ecrans Noirs
    Terre Africaine

    B.P. 11371
    Tel: [+237] 221 49 41
    Fax: [+237] 221 49 42
    For further information click here:

    2nd - 5th June 2011
    Africa Festival
    Venue: Wurzburg, Germany

    For further information click here:

    9th -26th June 2011
    Venue: Cape Town, South Africa

    For further information click here:

    11th - 19th June, 2011
    The 8th African Film Festival of Tarifa, Spain
    Venue: Tarifa, Spain

    For further information click here:

    2nd - 10th July, 2011
    Zanzibar International Film Festival (ZIFF)
    Venue: Zanzibar, Tanzania

    East Africa's largest film and arts festival, showcasing a broad spectrum of African films.
    For further information click here:

    20th -22nd July 2011
    Mediatech Africa 2011 Exhibition
    Venue: The Coca-Cola Dome - Northgate - Johannesburg (South Africa)

    Mediatech Africa SA's only all-inclusive broadcast, media, entertainment and AV trade. It showcases cutting edge technologies and services from industry leaders in television and broadcast, sound and audio, lighting and staging, animation, communication and related fields.
    For further information click here:

    21st -24th July 2011
    Festival du Monde Arabe du Court-métrage Azrou-
    13 edition (Arab short film festival)
    Venue: Ifrane

    Subscription closes on 15 March 2011. Call for short films closes on 15 May 2011. Two training workshops will take place on the side. Results will be announced on 1 June 2011.
    For further information click here:

    21st -31st July 2011
    DIFF - 32nd Durban International Film Festival
    Venue: Durban (South Africa)

    Contact: Durban Film Office –
    For further information click here:

    22nd -25th July 2011
    The 2nd Durban FilmMart
    Venue: Durban (South Africa)

    Contact: Durban Film Office –
    For further information click here:

    July - Sept. 2011 (final dates tba)
    African film festival (AFF) in NYC
    Venue: NYC, USA

    Outdoor Summer Screenings in NYC Parks. Featuring dance, music, food and of course films. AFF programs year-round; therefore, AFF organisers accept submissions on an ongoing basis.
    For further information click here:

    21st – 24th August 2011
    The 13th PAMRO meeting and All Africa Media Research Conference
    Venue: Dakar,
    Senegal at the Le Méridien President Hotel.
    For further information click here:

    27th August - 4th September 2011 (final date tba)
    Zimbabwe International Film Festival

    Competitive for features, shorts, documentary with 12 ‘Mweya Awards’ in different categories.
    For further information e-mail:

    9th -14th August 2011 (tbc)
    Lola Kenya Screen
    Venue: Nairobi, Kenya

    Tel:[+254] 20 315 258, 221 3 318
    For further information click here:

    31st August - 10th September 2011
    Mostra de Venise

    Tel: [+39] 041 5218706
    Fax: [+39] 041 5218879
    For further information click here:

    11th -14th Septembre 2011
    HighwayAfrica 2011
    Venue: Rhodes Uni., Grahamstown, SA.

    A show focused on journalism and new multimedia. For fourteen years the Highway Africa conference has been at the centre of Africa’s debates on journalism and new media. The conference has over the years become the largest annual gathering of African journalists in the world.
    For further information click here:

    3rd - 8th Octobre 2011
    « Festival du Court Métrage Méditerranéen de Tanger »
    Venue: Tangier, Morocco

    A festival focused on short films.
    E-mail :

    21st -29th October 2011
    Cinemed (le Festival du cinéma méditerranéen)
    Venue: 78, av. du Pirée - 34000 Montpellier - France

    Tel. +33 (0) 499 13 73 73
    Fax +33 (0) 499 13 73 74
    Deadline: 8 July 2011
    For further information click here:

    21st - 30th October 2011 (tbc)
    Kenya International Film Festival (KIFF)

    P.O. Box 76417 – 00508
    Tel:[+254] 2 201 05 26
    Fax:[+254] 722 897 216
    For further information click here:

    26th -31st October 2010
    Tricontinental Human Rights Film

    27 Palmer Road
    Cape Town
    7945 – South Africa
    Tel: [+27] 21 788 5462
    Fax: [+27] 21 788 5469
    For further information click here:

    29th Oct - 6th Nov 2011
    Festival Amakula Kampala
    Venue: Uganda, Kampala

    Tel: [+256] 41 427 35 32
    For further information click here:

    5th - 9th October 2011
    Africa in the Picture
    Venue: Bioscoop het Ketelhuis in Amsterdam, NL

    Tel:[+31] 20 622 7 151
    Fax:[+31] 20 627 15 44
    For further information click here:

    31st Oct - 7th Nov 2011
    Out In Africa
    South African Gay and Lesbian Film Festival

    Venue: various, see website
    For further information click here:

    27st Oct – 6th Nov. 2011
    Africa in Motion (AiM) Film Festival
    Venue: Edinburgh's Filmhouse cinema

    The UK's largest African Film Festival
    For further information visit the website.

    30th Nov - 3rd Dec. 2011
    MYCONTENT, 4th Dubai International Character & Licensing Fair
    and 4th Dubai World Game Expo.
    Venue: Dubai

    MYCONTENT - (exhibition & conference) in dedicated to the Middle East & North Africa. It is MENA region’s 2nd entertainment content marketplace which will be held in conjunction with 4th Dubai International Character & Licensing Fair and 4th Dubai World Game Expo.
    For further information click here:

    Dec 2011 (final date tba)
    Africa Int. Film Festival
    Venue : Port Harcourt, Nigeria

    For further information click here:

    Dec 2011 (final date tba)
    Festival International du Film de Marrakech
    Venue : Marrakech, Morocco

    For further information click here:

  • - In March 2011, French pay channel “Canal+” officially confirmed that it has - since January 2011 - stopped commercialising its subscriptions in the two Maghreb countries where it had launched its satellite offer back in 2009, namely Algeria and Morocco, said its CEO Bertrand Meheut. "With regard to the Maghreb, we decided to postpone our business investment as long as the control of piracy is not fruitful," said Meheut during the Vivendi annual results presentation, parent company. "Currently, the Viaccess access control system on some satellites is broken and until we have resolved this situation, we keep a very limited profile in these countries," he added.

  • Airtel Offers Customers 100 LCD TV sets in 100 days for Free; Customers to send SMS to win prizes for Free; Winners to be announced weekly

    In Lagos, Nigeria, leading telecommunications service provider, Airtel Nigeria is offering its customers throughout the country the opportunity to win brand new LCD television sets for free in a new Bonanza announced tagged Airtel Feel Free Bonanza.

    During the period of the Airtel Feel Free Bonanza, Airtel Nigeria will give away 100 new Samsung LCD televisions to 100 lucky customers in 100 days for absolutely free.

    The Bonanza, which starts on Monday, February 21st and will end on May 28th and winners will be selected during weekly draws.

    Speaking on the Bonanza, the Chief Operating Officer & Executive Director, Airtel Nigeria, Deepak Srivastava, said the telecommunication company in its typical innovative and creative fashion has yet again introduced another dimension into the conduct of promos and offers in the industry by giving out prizes without customers paying for participation.

    For further information visit here:

    Last call – 2011 Annual Tri-continental Human Rights Film Festival
    Deadline: 29 April 2011

    Taking place on 26-31 October 2011, the Tri-continental Human Rights Film Festival call has been open since 1 November 2010.

    Films satisfying the following conditions are eligible for theTri Continental Film Festival 2010:
    1.The Festival is open to documentaries, fictional, short and feature length film and video from or about Africa, Asia and Latin America.
    2.Films must be subtitled in English.
    3.Films that have been produced after January 2009.

    Each participant is required to submit the following information:

    1.An official festival entry form.
    2.A clearly labelled dvd of the film for viewing.
    3.A 150 word synopsis in English.
    4.Entries must be subtitled in English.
    5.Entries to reach the festival office no later than 29 April 2011.
    Final selection

    Based on the pre-selection, approximately 40 films will be selected for screening at the festival. Successful entrants will be notified by the end of June 2011. BETA SP, DIGIBETA, HDCAM or DVCAM will be requested immediately as these will need to be digitized. Were possible, selected entries will be digitized from high quality dvds.

    Works to be screened

    1.Should their entry be selected, the filmmaker guarantees that permission has been secured from the rights holder for a minimum of 4 screenings at the Tri Continental Film Festival.
    2.The organizers will not add English subtitles for works screened.
    3.Dvd copies will be preserved and used for research and educational screenings at the Tri Continental Film Festival as well as our Outreach Programme.
    4.A trailer will be required for promotional purposes as well as high resolution photographs.

    The Tri Continental Film Festival has an Audience Award.

    27 Palmer Road, Muizenberg, Cape Town, 7945 – South Africa
    Tel: [+27] 21 788 5462 - Fax: [+27] 21 788 5469
    For further information click here:

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